What is a human-like robot and what are the current limitations?
A human-like robot (Humanoid) is an autonomous machine that can walk or roll on two legs, and has a human shape. They are designed to resemble humans in various ways, but they lack skin.
The current limitations of these robots are that they don’t have the intelligence to make decisions like humans do. Depending on what kind of intelligence level you want them to have, they can be classified into three categories:
1) Asimovian robots which follow the “laws” of robotics created by Isaac Asimov
2) Sophisticated general purpose robots with broad capabilities and intelligence comparable to humans
3) Single-purpose robots with limited intelligence designed for specific tasks
Before 1980s: The Early Days of Humanoid Robots - Geppetto, WALL-E & HAL 9000
Geppetto is an early humanoid robot with a flexible metal skeleton, that was made in the late 1960s by the Stanford Research Institute. Geppetto can do tasks that are too dangerous or difficult for humans to do. This includes both military tasks and industrial tasks.
WALL-E is another early humanoid robot in which it's given the task of cleaning up an Earth that has been abandoned for 700 years. WALL-E is at the heart of Pixar's 2008 film WALL-E, which won both the Academy Award for best animated feature film and also Academy Award for best original screenplay.
HAL 9000 is one of the most famous fictional robots in history, appearing in Arthur C Clarke's 1968 novel 2001: A Space Odyssey, serving as Discovery One's
1980s to 1990s: Enter the Asimo - The First Robot To Entertain Humans On Stage
Robots are entering the workforce with more varying skills, from being psychologists to being comedians.
Enter the AI-powered robot Asimo that can dance, shake hands, and even stand on one foot.
Asimo is the first robot to entertain humans on stage.
2000s to 2010s: Rise of the Robots as a Service - Fetch Robotics & Abundant Robotics Emerge
Today’s workforce is getting disrupted by the emergence of automation and robots.
We as a society face a difficult question: what is the future of work?
Rise of the Robots as a Service is one such solution which fits in with emerging trends in artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies.
Fetch Robotics and Abundant Robotics are two companies that have emerged to offer solutions with robots that can deliver goods autonomously and without human intervention.
Fetch Robotics, for example, has designed a robot called ‘Freight’ which can carry up to 700 pounds of goods. It can also navigate its way through crowded environments like delivery trucks, grocery stores, even hospitals - all on its own.
2020s to 2030s+ : 3D Printing and AI Revolutionize the Manufacturing Processes Forever. (
3D printing is a process that builds an object from a 3D model by adding material layer by layer. In the coming years, it has been estimated that 3D printing will contribute to 25% of manufacturing output.
Artificial Intelligence will play an increasingly important role in the manufacturing process. Companies are using AI to make their products more efficient, cheaper and smarter. With this, companies are able to focus on higher-value tasks which require human ingenuity and creativity.
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