Diabetes is a disease that affects the body's ability to produce and use insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas that helps your body turn sugar from food into energy.
There are five different types of diabetes, and one of the most common ones is type 2 diabetes. It causes weight gain and excessive thirst or urination. Type 1 diabetes causes an increased need to eat, frequent hunger pains, and loss of weight. Gestational diabetes can cause vomiting, nausea, excessive thirst, or urination similar to type 2 diabetes, but its symptoms only appear during pregnancy.
Another type of diabetes is pre-diabetes which can be diagnosed with a fasting plasma glucose test (FPG).
Type 1 Diabetes - Autoimmune Disease That Targets The Pancreas
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that targets the pancreas. It is a lifelong chronic condition, and it is different from type 2 diabetes. There are a set of symptoms that doctors have to have in mind when they suspect a patient has type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes can be diagnosed with a blood test or by an oral glucose tolerance test. If there are any symptoms, then the doctor will try to diagnose them through these tests first before moving on to other complicated tests which could be costly and have long waiting times.
Type 1 diabetes can be treated with insulin injections or oral medications- depending on what works for each individual patient's needs.
Type 2 Diabetes - Genetic Condition Caused by Poor Lifestyle HabitsType 2 diabetes is a lifelong, genetic condition that is brought about by lifestyle habits. It is characterized by high glucose levels in the blood, which cause health problems like heart disease, kidney failure, and other complications.
Type 2 diabetes can affect anyone at any age. It has become more common over the last few decades for this to happen, and it's estimated that 10% of American adults have type 2 diabetes or prediabetes.
When type 2 diabetes goes untreated or unmanaged it can lead to serious health complications. Some of these include heart disease, stroke, blindness and nerve damage (diabetic neuropathy), amputations (diabetic foot), kidney failure (diabetic nephropathy) retinopathy (eye disease), erectile dysfunction (erectile dysfunction).
Gestational Diabetes - Temporary Type that Applies to Pregnant Women Only
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that only applies to pregnant women. It is temporary and will go away after the pregnancy.
Gestational diabetes affects about 8% of pregnant women, which is a large number when you consider this condition is temporary. Pregnant women often experience high blood sugar levels and increased urination due to the increased demands their body puts on them during pregnancy.